When the foundation stone was laid on 10 May 1795, the population consisted of a mixture of Ukrainians, Russians and Moldovans. When I first arrived in Mykolayiv (better known as Odessa), everyone looked the same to me: white, Slavic and speaking the Russian language that is ubiquitous in southern Ukraine. In many ways, the problems facing the city of Mykolaysiv in the October 2015 local elections are similar to the challenges facing our national leaders. Directions: Get the latest news, weather forecasts, traffic conditions and more from Kiev and the region.
In 1926, the Russians made up 44.5 percent of the population; in 1959, the proportion of Ukrainians had risen to 60 percent. Although Jews lived alongside Ukrainians and Russians for decades, they retained their cultural and religious autonomy.
Turks fleeing ethnic conflicts in Uzbekistan, Yazidis escaping genocide in the Middle East, and Georgians going to war - to the torn region of Abkhazia. More recently, those who fled the conflict in eastern Ukraine after the annexation of Crimea have also settled here. The Dnieper and Southern Bug regions became part of the Russian Empire, but only towards the end of the Second World War and the beginning of the 1990s.
The city was made up mainly of Jews from Galicia who came to build a Russian port, and from then on it became a major commercial port and one of the most important ports in the Dnieper region and the southern Bug region. The city is home to a number of museums, art and architecture museums, as well as a variety of restaurants and hotels.
Industrial plants in Nikolaev produce aluminium, steel, copper, iron ore and other metals, as well as ceramics. Industry supplies 80% of the argil, aluminium and 70% copper.
The shipbuilding in Nikolaev, Ukraine consists of three large shipbuilding companies, which are able to build and supply ships of all kinds. Mykolaiv has proven time and again that it is probably one of the most important ports in the world for the construction of warships, aircraft carriers, submarines, frigates and submarines.
Mykolaiv's landmark is the Museum of the Naval Fleet, which is located in a building that is recognized as a monument of classicist architecture. The museum building is housed in a building that is described as "the most beautiful of its kind in the world." Whether it is tombstones, frescoes or paintings that represent the unspoken truths of history, Ukraine has always acted with great respect for its history and heritage.
During the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union it was an important port for the Black Sea Fleet, and you will find it because of its proximity to Russia. It was under Russian control and was built here by planes with cruisers from Kiev.
Credit must be paid to the shipbuilders of Ukraine, which is why the Shipbuilders "Monument was built. Mykolaiv's pride is the city's zoo, considered the best in Ukraine and one of the best in Europe. The enclosure for pets, the Grandfather's Cottage, is decorated in a folklore style, as it is a tribute to its owner and the founder of the Ukrainian National Park. This park is the home of independent riders who roamed the steppes and whose influence on the culture and history of Ukraine continues to this day.
Mykolaiv was founded in the 18th century as a result of the conflict between the neighbouring city of Mykolaiv and the neighbouring cities of Kherson and Kiev. In 220 years the name Nikolayev (Ukrainian name is Myksandr), which was called "mycolasiv" or "mytolaysiv," could make a significant contribution to becoming the cultural center of southern Ukraine.
Today, Mykolaiv is readily welcoming foreign travelers who may have been lured to nearby Odessa, a city lacking the luxury of better-known Western metropolises, but one that is made up of Cold War intrigue and astonishing diversity. Nikolayev is well known far beyond Ukraine, and tourists who come to the city seek a different experience.
The journey from Odessa to Nikolaev takes about 4 hours and there is no regular passenger line, although Mykolayiv has a railway station with regular connections to the city centre and a bus station. There is a sandy beach that provides access to a windswept peninsula separated from the open Black Sea by the mouth of the southern bow and the Dnieper. It is a place worth visiting, but not as much a tourist destination as Odissa itself, which is a city of more than 3 million inhabitants.
Nikolaev is located at the confluence of the Ingul and Boug rivers and has a lesser-known Jewish history. South of Kherson Oblast is a dune surrounded by a forest planted to limit the growth of a large number of trees and shrubs and a number of lakes.
During the Russian Empire, Krivoje Ozero was built as a trade route, through which products from southern Ukraine were delivered to the centre. Prince Grigory Potyomkin, who closely followed the trial, called the southern part of Ukraine Nikolaev's city.